Texas history is a very interesting part of the American history. Of course, the period we talk about here was the time when Texas had not yet belonged to the United States, but fought for its independence from Mexico. We refer to the famous Battle of the Alamo, of course.
Texas war of Independence
The Battle of Alamo began on February 23, 1836. The Texas citizens wanted to establish an independent state and the Mexican President General Santa Anna, obviously, wanted to prevent them from doing so. Therefore, his army of 1,500 people entered Alamo.
Alamo was defended by only 200-300 people from Texas, including the famous Davy Crockett. Commanders of the defense were Colonel James Bowie, today known also by the famous Bowie-knife, and Wiliam B. Travis. The battle lasted until March 6, when Santa Anna made an attack in the morning. The first two attacks by the Mexicans were successfully fought against, but in the third attempt the Mexicans broke through the walls and began a massacre. All the defenders were killed except for ten women and children. There were 400-600 killed and wounded Mexicans.
Although Alamo fell, its heroic defense and bravery of its defenders inspired many Texas citizens to continue their struggle. Two months later the decisive battle at San Jacinto took place. Under Sam Houston, the defenders of Texas independence had beaten the Mexicans and won their independence. Alamo is today the most popular tourist destination in Texas. On March 2nd, 1836, the Texas war of Independence ended and Texas declared its independence.
Becoming one of the states of America
Texas enjoyed its independence for only 9 years and 10 months. By December 29, 1845, Texas was an independent state, equal in sovereignty to the United States, as well as to other recognized world states. Namely, the Republic of Texas, after gaining its independence from Mexico, was recognized by world countries such as France, the United Kingdom, the Russian Empire, and the United States themselves. The Republic of Texas had even had an embassy in Paris and the French embassy was located in Texas capital, Austin. The first and most famous president of the independent Texas was the famous Sam Houston, after which the city of Houston was named.
The Republic of Texas joined the United States as its 28th federal state. Texas lost its independence, but it became a significant part of the United States, as it was the territoriality largest federal state at that time.